About Polish Community in the United Kingdom
The Polish migrant community based in the United Kingdom amounts to over 1 million people now. This community represents the largest migrant movement in recent EU history. About 900,000 Polish nationals have settled in England, 100,000 in Scotland, 40,000 in Wales and 30,000 in Northern Ireland.
Majority of Polish nationals who have moved to the UK since 2004 are young, educated people and aim to stay here for good. Economical aspect is the primary reason for migration, as better job prospects and career advancement opportunities are frequently mentioned.
Below there is a summary of a survey run on Emito.net in March 2011. The survey was conducted among 1,180 Emito.net users.
How long do they intend to stay in the UK
Majority of Poles (39.3%) want to stay here permanently. That is a significant shift from 2006 when only 25% declared that they did not consider heading back home.
How long have they been living in the UK
Majority of Emito.net users have stayed in the UK between 3 to 5 years (40.9%). There are 21.7% of those who have been living here between 5 to 6 years and 10.4% who have been living in the United Kingdom for over 6 years. There are also 8.4% people who have just come to the UK within one year.
9.1% of Poles are running their own businesses – that is 2% more than in 2006. However, the majority of Polish immigrants are employed in the blue collar sector (52.8%) – mainly in hospitality, factories, cleaning or customer services. There are 23% of those who work in an office environment and 7.4% who are studying in the UK. Only 7% of people are unemployed which is 1% less than the British national average.
72.1% of Poles regard their English skills as either intermediate or fluent and 25,2% find their ability to communicate in the second language as basic. That constitutes 11.7% improvement since 2006.
Many Poles who came to the UK are educated to degree or college level (50.8%) and many have obtained an equivalent of A-Levels after passing the Matura Exam (43.3%).
Polish nationals in the UK are mostly young people – 87% are between 20-39 years of age.
Most of Polish nationals (77%) are either married or in a relationship.
The majority of Poles in the UK (57.8%) earn £15,000 or less per annum. There are 19.6% of those who earn between 15,000 and £20,000, 19.4% of those whose earnings are between £20,000 and £45,000. Only 3.3% of Polish immigrants earn more than £45,000 p/a.
17% of Emito.net users work in the Manufacturing sector, 15% in Hospitality/Cleaning and 11% in Gastronomy/Catering.